Each radio used on the DMR network is programmed with a unique user ID number.
You MUST register your radio for it to work correctly.
ID numbers are managed centrally, and may be obtained here.
The user ID database may be found here.
TRANSMIT AUDIO LEVELS
Some equipment tends to have over driven audio on tx – it is very important that you check your transmitted audio for the correct level.
Motorola equipment with the latest firmware can be run with audio AGC on.
DMR equipment is often fitted with an inbuilt GPS receiver, with the facility to transmit GPS position over the network.
This function is not supported by the DMR network, and must be OFF.
COLOUR CODES, SLOTS AND TALK GROUPS
The DMR system uses 15 “colour codes” which function in a very similar fashion to CTCSS tones on analogue repeaters. A radio programmed with one colour code will not be able to transmit on a repeater programed with another.
All Australian DMR amateur repeaters use colour code 1.
As discussed previously, each DMR repeater has two slots, and each slot has a number of talk groups.
In general terms, Slot 1 is used for overseas repeaters and slot 2 is used for VK repeaters.
Australian DMR repeaters use the following slots and talk groups – these need to be programmed into your radio.
|SLOT 1||SLOT 2|
|TG1 – worldwide||TG505 – all VK repeaters and dongles|
|TG13 – worldwide English||TG3800 – all VK repeaters|
|TG113/123 – User activated – only keys repeaters in the QSO||TG380x – state based TG (x=call area)|
|TG5 – VK club nets and broadcasts – user activated||TG9 – reflectors|
|TG8 – keys repeaters in defined groups – i.e. all Sydney, FNQ, all Melb, etc.|
|TG9 – keys your local repeater only|
|TG133 – DMR+ reflector 4369 (USA)|
|TG143 – DMR+ reflector 4404 (UK)|
|TG153 – DMR+ reflector 4851 (Pacific)|
The TGs are explained in detail below.
TIME SLOT 1
Time Slot 1 – TG1 = Worldwide calling (keys ALL worldwide repeaters..2 min max QSO) – user activated*
Time Slot 1 – TG13 = Worldwide English calling (keys repeaters in English speaking countries)
Time Slot 1 – TG5 = VK nets – user activated*
Time Slot 1 – TG113 = User Activated English chat channel*
Time Slot 1 – TG123 = User Activated English chat channel*
Time Slot 1 – TG8 = Keys repeaters in defined groups – i.e. all Sydney, all Melbourne, etc. See below.
Time Slot 1 – TG9 = Keys your local repeater only
Time Slot 1 – TG133 = Connects to DMR+ reflector 4369 (USA) – user activated*.
Time Slot 1 – TG143 = Connects to DMR+ reflector 4404 (UK) – user activated*.
Time Slot 1 – TG153 = Connects to DMR+ reflector 4851 (Pacific) – user activated*.
TG1 keys every DMR repeater and TG13 keys every repeater in english speaking countries. These channels are normally used as calling channels only.
*User activated TGs are activated by pressing your PTT for about 2 seconds with the TG selected. They time out after about 5 mins.
User activated TGs 113/123 are used as a “chat channel” after a call on TG1, or TG13, to reduce network loading – only repeaters used by those in the QSO are keyed, rather than the entire network. TG5 works in the same fashion – this TG is intended for club nets or broadcasts.
Please QSY to TG113/123 after establishing contact with a DX station on TG1 or 13.
TG8 keys repeaters in defined groups. This TG is programmed for each repeater and can not be changed by users.
The TG8 groups are as follows:
|TG8 Group||Repeaters linked|
|1 – Perth||VK6RPT, VK6RLM|
|2 – Melbourne and Vic.||VK3RTE, VK3RSU, VK3RMC, VK3RZU, VK3RPS, VK3RPT|
|3 – Sydney and Orange||VK2RAO, VK2RCG, VK2RLE, VK2RHT, VK2RRW|
|4 – Sth NSW||VK2RHR, VK2RGN|
|5 – Tasmania||VK7RAA, VK7RCR|
|6 – Sth Queensland||VK4RTQ, VK4RNX, VK4RMC, VK4RBX, VK4RBT, VK4RLU, VK4RGX|
|8 – FNQ||VK4RDU, VK4RBK|
TIME SLOT 2
Time Slot 2 – TG505 = VK repeaters only (keys all VK repeaters) – this is the main VK talkgroup – dongles are linked to this TG at the moment (March 2018).
Time Slot 2 – TG3800 = VK repeaters.
Time Slot 2 – TG380x = State/Territory based TG, where x is the VK call area – keys all repeaters in that State/Territory only. Can also be used from another state – use the TG for the state you wish to connect to – i.e. 3802 for VK2, etc. The inter-state link disconnects automatically if there is no activity for 15 seconds.
505 is the national channel. As per normal repeater practice, please leave a break between overs for other stations.
If you want to have a long QSO, please QSY off 505.
If 505 is busy:
- TG9 on slot 1 can be used to work another station on your local repeater only.
- TG380x on slot 2 can be used to work a station in your own state or a station in another state.
- TG8 on slot 1 is available for repeaters in a group.
- TG123/113 can be used to connect to another repeater directly.
Time Slot 2 – TG9 = Reflectors. This provides access to the DMR+ network of reflectors. A list of reflectors may be found here.
To access reflectors, your radio needs to be programmed with different TGs for tx and rx to access the reflector and TG9 for tx/rx to use the relfector.
TG5000 checks your local repeater status (or look on line at www.vkdmr.net).
You then use the reflector number you wish to connect to as the tx TG – i.e. TG4400 for ref 4400.
Once you have connected, use TG9 for tx and rx to QSO via the reflector.
TG4000 is used to disconnect your repeater from the reflector, or you can just let the reflector time out – they will drop in 15 mins if not used.
There are two ways to program your radio to access reflectors:
1. program separate channels; or
2. use your radio’s keyboard.
To use method 1 – program the following channels on slot 2:
Channel 1 – TG5000 tx, TG 9 rx to check status
Channel 2 – TG4xxx tx (required reflector number), TG9 rx
Channel 3 – TG9 tx and rx for working the reflector
Channel 4 – TG4000 tx, TG9 rx to disconnect
Method 2 – using the keypad – is a lot simpler – you only need to program one channel:
Channel 1 – TG9 tx and rx.
Use your keypad to enter 5000, the reflector number and 4000 as required.
TG13, TG5, TG505 and TG3800 and TG380x (for your State/Territory) are on permanently – they are not user activated.